Covid-19 Global Tracker: Live News Updates – The New York Times

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Representative Steny H. Hoyer of Maryland, the majority leader, attempted to pass a stand-alone bill that would provide for the $2,000 payments upon enactment of the behemoth package.
Credit…Oliver Contreras for The New York Times

Seizing on President Trump’s implicit threat to reject a $900 billion stimulus compromise unless Congress more than than tripled the $600 direct payments, Democrats attempted to call his bluff on Thursday with legislation that would send Americans $2,000 checks.

Republicans rejected the move and tried to counter with a motion to force their own changes to foreign policy spending.

Attempted and rejected in less than two minutes, the efforts to amend a $2.3 trillion spending package that overwhelmingly passed both chambers on Monday after weeks of bicameral negotiations were more theater than legislating.

They came after Mr. Trump implicitly threatened to reject the measure in a four-minute video on Tuesday night, roiling Congress. Mr. Trump decamped for his Florida home in Mar-a-Lago on Wednesday without saying another word on the matter, leaving both parties to guess whether he really intends to veto the long-delayed measure, which includes the coronavirus relief as well as funding to keep the government funded past Monday.

The bill contains the first significant federal relief since April. If the president doesn’t sign it, millions of Americans on Saturday are set to lose access to two federal unemployment programs that were expanded under the $2.2 trillion stimulus law which passed in March. A series of additional relief provisions, including an eviction moratorium, are set to expire at the end of the month.

The Democratic gambit on the House floor was never meant to pass, but Democratic leaders had hoped to put Republicans in a bind — forcing them to choose between the president’s wishes for far more largess and their own inclinations for modest relief — while possibly flushing the president out on his intentions.

Representative Steny H. Hoyer of Maryland, the Democratic majority leader, attempted to approve a stand-alone bill that would provide for the $2,000 payments upon enactment of the behemoth package.

On behalf of Republicans, Representative Rob Wittman of Virginia, then tried to interject a separate request to revisit the annual spending for foreign policy matters, given that Mr. Trump had also objected to how those funds were being spent. Many of the foreign aid cuts that Mr. Trump angrily dismissed came directly from his own budget request.

But without the approval of the floor and committee leaderships of the other party, House rules prevented both requests for unanimous approval from being entertained on the floor.

The House is now adjourned for Christmas, but will be back Monday.

Speaker Nancy Pelosi of California, in a statement on Thursday, vowed to hold a roll-call vote on the direct payments legislation on Monday, declaring “to vote against this bill is to deny the financial hardship that families face and to deny them the relief they need.”

Republican leaders were left wondering aloud why Congress was even dealing with a matter — on Christmas Eve, no less — that they thought was finally put to rest days ago.

“He’s made it really hard to talk about the great advances we’ve made with health research and the vaccine, about what they’ve done with foreign policy, about what’s happened with trade,” Senator Roy Blunt of Missouri said of Mr. Trump.

“There’s a long list of positive things that we’d be talking about today if we weren’t talking about this. And I think that would be to the president’s advantage if we were talking about his accomplishments rather than questioning decisions late in the administration.”

President Emmanuel Macron has urged the public to remain vigilant to try to keep infections under control during the Christmas holiday.
Credit…Pool photo by Julien De Rosa

A week after he first tested positive for the coronavirus, President Emmanuel Macron of France has stopped isolating himself because he no longer shows symptoms, a statement from the Élysée Palace, his official office, said on Thursday.

Throughout his quarantine, Mr. Macron — who had typical symptoms of Covid-19, such as fatigue, coughing and aches — “was able to remain mobilized on the main current affairs of our country and to hold meetings and councils as planned,” the statement read.

The statement urged members of the French public to limit their contacts and to remain vigilant by during the Christmas holidays by “ventilating rooms, wearing a mask, regularly washing hands.”

For the past week, daily updates on Mr. Macron’s condition were released to the public — by Mr. Macron himself, by his personal doctor or through official statements from the Élysée Palace — a departure from France’s tradition of secrecy around the health of its presidents.

Mr. Macron contracted the virus at a time when a rebound in infections across France dashed hopes that people would be able to safely celebrate end-of-year festivities.

Although it is still unclear how Mr. Macron became infected, the announcement last week that he had caught the illness prompted a cascade of leaders who had met him in the previous days to isolate themselves, including Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez of Spain; Prime Minister António Costa of Portugal; and the European Council president, Charles Michel.

With more than 60,000 deaths caused by the coronavirus and about 2.5 million Covid-19 infections reported, France has paid a heavy toll in the pandemic. While new infections had dropped below 10,000 per day by the end of November, they have recently rebounded to an average of 14,000 daily new cases over the past seven days, dashing hopes that the second wave was over.

María Ramírez, a nurse, was the first person in Mexico to get vaccinated for Covid-19. “This is the best gift that I could have received in 2020,” she said.
Credit…Eduardo Verdugo/Associated Press

Mexico began its coronavirus vaccination campaign on Thursday, becoming the first country in Latin America to do so, and providing a sliver of hope to the population amid a roaring resurgence of the virus.

María Irene Ramírez, 59, the head nurse at the Ruben Leñero hospital in Mexico City, was the first person in the country to get the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine, as part of the government’s strategy to focus first on health care workers in December and January before moving on to the older Mexicans considered most at risk.

“This is the best gift that I could have received in 2020,” Ms. Ramírez said during the ceremony, which was broadcast on national television. “We are afraid, but we have to keep going because someone has to face this fight, and I am willing to continue in the line of fire.”

Latin America has become an epicenter of the pandemic, with inequality, a large informal work force, densely packed cities and a fragile health system hindering efforts to stop the spread of the virus and treat the sick.

Countries in the region, led by Brazil and Mexico, racked up some the of the world’s highest death tolls as economies crumbled under the weight of lockdowns and government mismanagement.

The first doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine also arrived in Costa Rica overnight, and Chile is expecting its first 10,000 doses vaccine on Thursday. In Argentina, the first 300,000 doses of Russia’s Sputnik V landed in Buenos Aires on Thursday morning.

The vaccination effort in Mexico is starting as a vicious new wave of the virus has packed hospitals and led authorities to call for a lockdown in the capital, Mexico City, and in four other states. More than 120,000 people have died nationwide, although limited testing means the true count could be much higher.

Federal officials are attempting to make 20 million doses of the vaccine available by the first week of January.
Credit…Bryan Anselm for The New York Times

The massive campaign to vaccinate the United States against the coronavirus has gotten off to a slower start than federal health officials originally had hoped, but the odds are high that 100 million people will be vaccinated by March, an official said in a call with reporters on Wednesday.

As of Thursday morning, just over 1 million doses of vaccines had been administered out of the 9.5 million doses distributed across the country, according to a dashboard maintained by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The first doses of Pfizer’s vaccine were given on Dec. 14, followed by the first doses of Moderna’s at the start of this week.

In recent weeks, federal officials had said they hoped for 20 million people to get their first of two required shots by the end of this year, though they walked back that target last week. On Wednesday, officials said that the federal government was still on track to make 20 million doses available to states and other jurisdictions by the end of the year, with the final deliveries of those doses coming in the first week of January.

“Exactly how fast the ramp-up of immunizations, of shots in arm, is happening is slower than we thought it would be,” said Moncef Slaoui, the scientific adviser of Operation Warp Speed, the Trump administration’s effort to fast-track the development and rollout of coronavirus vaccines.

“We’re here to help states to accelerate that appropriately,” Dr. Slaoui added.

Gen. Gustave Perna, Operation Warp Speed’s logistics lead, said that the reported figures on how many vaccines have been given likely lag the current number by 72 to 96 hours.

General Perna said that the federal government on Tuesday allocated 4.67 million more doses of vaccines — 2.67 million from Pfizer and 2 million from Moderna — and that states will be able to start ordering them on Thursday. The vaccines would then be delivered next week.

Late last week, the pharmacy giants CVS and Walgreens began a drive to vaccinate tens of thousands of nursing homes and other long-term care facilities across the country. This week, the companies are visiting 238 facilities in 12 states, and next week plan to visit an additional 1,000 facilities in 13 more states, General Perna said.

“We’re getting the vaccines out as fast as they are available,” he said.

Global Roundup

Trucks waited early Thursday to board ferries in Dover, England, to sail to France.
Credit…Alberto Pezzali/Associated Press

The first trucks began boarding ferries at the Port of Dover to cross the English Channel again on Thursday, making a bigger step to clear a logjam in freight traffic more than 24 hours after France lifted a ban imposed over fears about a variant of the virus circulating in Britain.

Traffic remained slow on Thursday morning, as truck drivers must show proof of a negative coronavirus test before boarding the ferries.

The abrupt border closure left thousands of Europe-bound trucks stuck in and around Dover, a critical trade link with Europe because of the short crossing to France, and many have been waiting in their rigs for days. But it could days to clear the blockages, Grant Shapps, the British transportation secretary said, according to the British Broadcasting Corporation. About 6,000 trucks remain in the area, 4,000 of them parked at an airport that has been turned into a holding area, the BBC said. The drivers appeared to use traffic cones to write out “Help,” The Guardian reported.

Ferries working to get freight and drivers to continental Europe will sail on Christmas and Boxing Day, Mr. Shapps said, adding that the military and contact tracers were working with French firefighters, who had brought 10,000 tests to Dover, to clear the backlog from the border closure. Trying to assuage earlier concerns that some drivers would be trapped before the Christmas holiday, Mr. Shapps said that borders at the Eurotunnel, Dover and Calais, France, would remain open through Christmas to help hauliers and citizens return home.

A spokeswoman for the Port of Dover said that testing was now fully mobilized at the port and in the airport. She said that about 100 freight vehicles entered the port Wednesday night, and many more should join them today, as the port attempts to clear the backlog as quickly as possible.

One ferry company, P & O Ferries, said Thursday morning that the area remained “heavily gridlocked,” adding that a road to the port was still blocked, but that the first convoys of freight were released from a holding area in Manston, England, during the night. They added the that the authorities were working to increase testing capabilities, and that ferries were scheduled to depart. Officials have cautioned truck drivers not already in the Dover area to avoid the region.

Several organizations, including the British branch of the Salvation Army and Khalsa Aid, said they had prepared hundreds of bagged meals to feed stranded truck drivers.

Ravinder Singh, chief executive of Khalsa Aid, a nongovernmental organization set up to provide humanitarian aid in disaster areas, has been distributing meals to stranded truck drivers. He said that many were anxious to return home, and asking when they would receive a test.

“Its like a horror movie,” he said. “We just want them to go home to their families for Christmas.”

Khalsa Aid has already distributed 1,800 meals since Monday and planned to hand out 3,500 more on Thursday — many to people who would otherwise be celebrating Christmas Eve with their families. “Many of them will not make it tonight,” Mr. Singh said.

In other developments around the world:

  • Austria allowed ski hills to open on Thursday, but required all skiers age 14 and older to wear respirator masks in public areas and while riding gondolas. Hotels, restaurants and bars remain closed. Austria is easing its lockdown for the Christmas holiday starting Thursday, lifting a nightly curfew and allowing up to 10 people from 10 different households to meet. On Saturday, restrictions will tighten again through mid-January. The country of 8.8 million people recorded 2,131 new cases of infection on Thursday.

  • China will suspend direct flights to and from Britain indefinitely over concerns of the infectious variant spreading there, a Foreign Ministry spokesman said on Thursday. China has barred nonresident travelers from Belgium, Britain, France, India and the Philippines since November, but kept its borders open to Chinese nationals, including students studying in those countries.

  • Prime Minister Ana Brnabic of Serbia received the country’s first Covid-19 vaccine on Thursday, Reuters reported, kicking off a mass inoculation drive. Some 4,875 doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine were flown in on Tuesday, making Serbia the first Balkan nation to acquire shots. Ms. Brnabic said the country was also expecting shipments of China’s Sinopharm and Russia’s Sputnik V vaccines, and that President Aleksandar Vucic would most likely get the Sinopharm vaccine. “We agreed that the two us take shots from different producers,” she told reporters.

  • European Union member nations are set to begin vaccinations on Sunday. In France, where the National Authority for Health approved the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine, the authorities have ordered about 200 million doses and have outlined a three-phase vaccination strategy, starting with retirement homes and hospitals. Spain’s first Covid-19 vaccination is to take place on Sunday in a nursing home in the central city of Guadalajara.

Melissa Eddy, Tiffany May, Raphael Minder, Constant Méheut and Eshe Nelson contributed reporting.

Manger Square in Bethlehem, usually thrumming with tourists this time of year, was quiet last week.
Credit…Samar Hazboun for The New York Times

The pandemic has put a damper on Christmas at the place where it is said to have all begun: the town of Bethlehem in the West Bank.

“Great sadness,” Father Ibrahim Shomali, the chancellor of the Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem, said of this year’s celebrations. “We are very frustrated, but what can we do? We need to accept the reality and do the right thing.”

Midnight Mass at the Church of the Nativity is usually one of the social events of the year for the occupied West Bank. The ancient limestone church takes on the atmosphere of a glittering movie premiere as diplomats and Palestinian officials emerge from motorcades of shiny BMWs in tailored suits and elegant dresses.

This year, the ceremony will be limited to church officials, a handful of European diplomats and Bethlehem’s mayor. The Palestinian Authority imposed tough antivirus restrictions on Bethlehem on Dec. 10, setting up checkpoints around its perimeter, ordering the closing of restaurants, cafes, schools and gyms, and forbidding nearly all large gatherings.

Bethlehem has about 1,000 confirmed, active coronavirus cases, according to official data, although the true number is thought to be much higher. All intensive care beds at hospitals are occupied, the Health Ministry said.

During a recent visit, the expansive lobby of the 222-room Bethlehem Hotel was silent. The leather couches and chairs were empty, the lights and heating were turned off, and a fine coating of dust was collecting on coffee tables.

“There’s usually nowhere to sit during this time of year,” said Elias al-Arja, the hotel owner, wearing a winter coat and a large black mask. “It ordinarily gets so crowded that there’s little room to move.”

Since March, when the authorities discovered the first cases of the virus in the Bethlehem area, Mr. al-Arja said, the hotel has struggled to pay its debts. He had to lay off all but two of his 80 employees. To pay off debts, he said, he has sold his second home in Ramallah and a plot of land in Jericho.

“It’s been devastating,” he said.

Recent winter weather has forced some coronavirus testing sites, like this one in Lawrence, Mass., to temporarily close. Some testing sites will close or limit their hours on Christmas.
Credit…Elise Amendola/Associated Press

After weeks of record case and death numbers, the United States is poised to see a steep drop in newly reported Covid-19 infections as the upcoming holidays introduce gaps in data.

Health departments in at least 15 states have said they will not publish statewide data on Christmas. Several, including Wyoming, Rhode Island and North Carolina, also plan to take off Christmas Eve. More states and counties are likely to join them.

Across the country, some testing sites will close or limit their hours, meaning fewer coronavirus cases may be identified even on days when data is reported. Winter weather has also forced some sites to close.

Heading into Christmas, there were signs that case numbers were finally leveling off after months of growth. But the picture was mixed: Progress in the Midwest and Mountain West was being offset by growth in California, Texas, Florida and the South.

It might be weeks before the country’s trendline becomes clear. The seven-day average for new cases, perhaps the best indicator of the national outlook, will be distorted by holiday reporting patterns until at least Jan. 8.

This will not be the first time a holiday has skewed the country’s data. Heading into Thanksgiving, the United States was averaging about 176,000 cases a day. But only 103,104 new infections were reported on the holiday, the lowest number in weeks. There was a slight rebound on the day after Thanksgiving, but not enough to offset a still-noticeable holiday dip in the national case curve.

This month, the data is likely to become even blurrier. While Thanksgiving was a one-day phenomenon, Christmas is followed by another holiday week.

Some states have already said they will not report new data on New Year’s Day. Michigan, and perhaps others, will also take off New Year’s Eve. Robert Gordon, the director of the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, said public health workers had earned the time off after an exhausting year.

“They have shown incredible dedication this year and deserve a chance to rest and celebrate with their families,” Mr. Gordon said in a statement.

Bedford Presbyterian Church in Bedford, N.Y., set up for virtual services. Culturally, Christmas is a time for many rituals that involve gathering together, which is made challenging or impossible by the pandemic.
Credit…Ryan Christopher Jones for The New York Times

When Easter arrived in April, the United States was about a month into widespread shutdowns. Then, many pastors were still adjusting to pandemic restrictions, and working out the technological kinks of services streamed on Zoom or Facebook. But relatively few had been touched personally by the virus.

Now comes Christmas. Culturally, it is a time for family gatherings, cross-country travel, intergenerational gift exchanges and sprawling group meals — rituals made challenging or impossible by the pandemic. Spiritually, it’s a moment to celebrate the arrival of God in human form on earth.

“What was formerly an abstraction is now very real,” said George Williams, who will preside over Christmas Eve mass at St. Agnes Catholic Church in San Francisco.

The priest was diagnosed with the virus in June while he was serving as a chaplain at San Quentin State Prison, where more than 25 inmates died of the virus this year. Watching the virus spread through the prison was an experience of “real terror,” he said.

“How do we reconcile the hopeful theme of Christmas with the desolate year we just experienced?” Father Williams wondered. His homily at his new church on Thursday night will focus on “the heart of the Christmas message: the incarnation,” where God enters into the mortal experience of pain, grief and death.

Across the country, other Christian leaders were making similar attempts to reconcile spiritual hope and situational despair. “In my heart it really doesn’t feel like Christmas,” said Rev. James Riley, senior pastor at House of Prayer Baptist Church in Baton Rouge, La. “It’s hard to muster up that joy.”

Still, he plans to preach on God’s faithfulness even in bleak times at a brief Christmas service on Friday. Attendees will wear masks and be spaced out in the small sanctuary as they sing “Joy to the World.” Large white cardboard letters at the front of the pulpit, visible to those watching from home on Facebook, spell out “HOPE.”

Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport in Atlanta on Wednesday. The steady stream of travelers comes as coronavirus cases soar in many states.
Credit…Nicole Craine for The New York Times

The number of travelers to pass through airport security checkpoints in the United States hit nearly one million on Tuesday as the country approaches Christmas Day.

On Tuesday, 992,167 people traveled through Transportation Security Administration checkpoints, the agency reported — a slight dip compared with Dec. 18 to Dec. 20, when daily checkpoint numbers surpassed one million.

The steady stream of travelers comes as cases soar in many states: Maine and Virginia set single-day case records on Wednesday; Alabama set a single-day death record; and California surpassed two million cases since the start of the pandemic, the first state in the country to do so, according to a New York Times database.

With Christmas just a day away and New Year’s soon after, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention urged people not to travel. The agency issued an advisory this month that “postponing travel and staying home is the best way to protect yourself and others.” It added, “you and your travel companions (including children) may feel well and not have any symptoms, but you can still spread Covid-19 to family, friends, and community.”

A patchwork of state travel restrictions exists across the United States, with some states requiring travelers to quarantine, fill out mandatory health forms or provide proof of a negative Covid-19 test, while other states have no such measures. That, along with growing alarm that a more contagious variant of the virus is spreading through Britain and beyond, is adding to the confusion and anxiety.

The C.D.C., realizing that some people may not adhere to warnings, has suggested people take several precautions before traveling, such as receiving a flu shot, bringing extra protective supplies like masks and gloves, and getting tested for Covid-19.

A young boy asked Pfizer to keep Santa safe from the coronavirus.
Credit…Biel Alino/EPA, via Shutterstock

When six-year-old Callum Thornhill heard that Pfizer had developed a coronavirus vaccine, he wrote to the company with an urgent request: to prioritize Santa Claus.

His mother, Paula Linehan, told the Irish Examiner that her son had heard about the vaccine on the car radio on the way to school in early November. When he got home from school that day, he wrote a letter to Pfizer congratulating the company.

“Dear Pfizer,” the letter began. “I heard you made a new vaccine for coronavirus. Good job.”

He continued: “Can you please send some to the North Pole for Santa and his elves? Please.”

Credit…via Pfizer

Several weeks later, Callum received a response — from Pfizer’s chief executive, Albert Bourla, according to the Irish Examiner.

“Letters like these — from children brimming with compassion and hope — remind us of why the work we do every day is so important,” Mr. Bourla wrote on LinkedIn.

To Callum, he said: “I want you to know that we are doing everything we can to help bring hope to people around the world. And we will make sure to take care of Santa and his elves, too.”

The European Union approved the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine on Monday, and member states are expecting to receive their first batches next week. The vaccine rollout comes as European leaders are struggling to contain a deadly second wave of the virus by tightening lockdown measures, including over Christmas.

More than 50 governments, including Ireland, shut down travel from Britain after British authorities said a new, highly transmissible variant of the virus was spreading rapidly in London and southeastern England.

Scientists in Nigeria have discovered that two patients in the country were infected with coronavirus variants sharing one change in common with the British lineage that has raised international concern. However, unlike in Britain, there is, as of yet, no evidence to indicate that the Nigerian variant may be contributing to increased transmission.

The genetic sequences of viruses normally evolve as they pass through individuals and the population. The single mutation noted in Nigeria appears to have arisen separately from the British lineage and was found in two samples, one taken in August and the other in October. It is of interest because it occurs in a region of the genome that contains the genetic code for the portion of the virus that attaches to human cells, known as the spike protein.

The Nigerian scientists’ analysis was prompted by learning of the variant that had developed in Britain. Fewer samples of virus have been sequenced in Nigeria.

The variant there does not share any of the worrisome mutations found in a variant that is now circulating widely in South Africa, which scientists have found preliminary evidence may be linked to increased transmissibility and viral loads. Health officials there have warned the public that coronavirus infections are spreading exponentially and that they are expected to soon exceed the country’s first wave.

The Africa Centers for Disease Control and Prevention convened an emergency meeting on Monday to discuss the newly discovered British and South African variants, recommending against additional travel and trade restrictions. “What we should focus on is really the measures that are in place to prevent transmission of Covid, not a specific variant,” Dr. John Nkengasong, the Africa C.D.C. director, said at a regular news conference.

A gazebo outside a bar in London on Dec. 15. The city and much of southeastern England has since returned to lockdown.
Credit…Andrew Testa for The New York Times

A team of British scientists released a worrying study on Wednesday of the newly discovered coronavirus variant sweeping Britain. They warned that the variant was so contagious that new control measures, such as closing down schools and universities, might be necessary. Dr. Nicholas Davies, the lead author of the study, said that the findings “are pretty convincing that more rapid vaccination is going to be a really important thing for any country that has to deal with this or similar variants.”

As of Tuesday, the variant had not been identified in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The study, released by the Center for Mathematical Modeling of Infectious Diseases at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, has not yet undergone review by a scientific journal. The study compares a series of models as predictors of data on infections, hospitalizations, and other variables. Other researchers are studying the variant in laboratory experiments to determine if it is biologically distinct.

The study found no evidence that the variant was more deadly than others. But they estimated that it was 56 percent more contagious. On Monday, the British government released an initial estimate of 70 percent.

Bill Hanage, an epidemiologist at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health who was not involved in the study, said that it presented a compelling explanation of the past and potential future of the variant.

The variant, which came to the attention of British researchers this month, has been rapidly spreading in London and eastern England. It carries a set of 23 mutations, some of which may make it more contagious.

The authors of the study found more evidence that the variant does indeed spread more rapidly than others. For example, they ruled out the possibility that it was becoming more common because outbreaks started in places where people were more likely to come into contact with others.

The researchers built different mathematical models and tested each one as an explanation for the variant’s spread. They analyzed which model of the spread best predicted the number of new cases that were actually confirmed, as well as hospitalization and deaths.

Closing schools until February could buy Britain some time, the researchers found, but lifting those extra restrictions would then cause a major rebound of cases.

Dr. Davies and his colleagues also took into account the protection that vaccines will provide. Vaccine experts are confident that coronavirus vaccines will be able to block the new variant, although that has to be confirmed by laboratory experiments that are now underway.

Benjamin Mueller contributed reporting.

Pandemic Resilience

Maura Cristina Silva, a teacher in Rio de Janeiro, offered some words of encouragement to an 8-year-old student after administering a hug using her improvised plastic kit.
Credit…Dado Galdieri for The New York Times

While much as the pandemic has been a story of devastation and loss, it has also been one of resilience — of individual people, families and entire communities not only surviving a deadly threat but seeing in the moment a chance to serve others. Some even dare remind us that joy is still a possibility. We asked our correspondents around the world to share stories from this year that speak to the strength of the human spirit, and to how disruption can bring out the best in us.

A few months into quarantine, a teacher in Brazil, Maura Cristina Silva, could tell that her vivacious students were starting to buckle. “I am yearning for your hug,” wrote one third grader.

They had become 57 tiny boxes on a computer screen, leaving her with shaky and poorly lit glimpses into the toll the pandemic was taking on a cluster of families in Padre Miguel, a working-class district in western Rio de Janeiro.

Students with learning disabilities were falling behind, as were those who did not have their own computers.

But the text from the unhugged student, which came four months after their public school was abruptly closed, got to Ms. Silva. The child had used the word saudade, a Portuguese term that conveys feelings of longing and melancholy.

Ms. Silva wondered if she could find a way to safely embrace her students.

Her first idea was to use a transparent shower curtain fitted out with four plastic sleeves — but sanitizing it after each embrace seemed impractical.

Then she came up with the idea of a pandemic “hugging kit” — disposable raincoats, surgical gloves, face masks and hand sanitizer.

The response from parents was resounding: How soon could she drop by?

She rolled out the hugging operation in late July, renting a sound truck and driving from door to door, blasting a classroom playlist her students loved.

“Distance can’t destroy what we have built,” Ms. Silva, 47, said on a recent rainy afternoon after visiting three students. “I needed to show them that our bonds are still alive, even if I’m not able to hold them every morning.”

The kids beamed as Ms. Silva draped herself and each student in plastic with a surgeon’s precision. Then she wrapped her arms around each one and lifted them off the ground for a long, tender embrace.

Yasmim Vitória de Oliveira said she missed the museum outings and classroom pajama parties that Ms. Silva used to organize.

“She’s playful and she lets us have fun,” the 9-year-old said.

Ms. Silva said that once the pandemic passed, she would hug her students with abandon, never again taking for granted the healing power of touch.

“In a moment of tragedy, we’ve been able to share moments of love,” Ms. Silva said. “That is very powerful.”

Coronavirus: Then & Now

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CreditCredit…Photographs by Ryan Christopher Jones For The New York Times

As 2020 comes to a close, we are revisiting subjects whose lives were affected by the pandemic. When Elizabeth Dias first spoke with Father Ryan Connors this past spring, he was among 21 priests in the Boston area appointed to administer last rites at hospitals to patients dying of Covid-19.


When Covid cases first spiked this spring, Father Ryan Connors went to hospitals almost every day, sometimes more, to anoint the dying with oil as part of the old Roman Catholic ritual known as last rites.

At the time, few hospitals allowed priests to visit the dying. But in Boston, Fr. Connors, 37, was part of a small team of 21 priests specially trained to safely anoint Covid-19 patients. For three months he lived in quarantine with two other priests, leaving only to go to the hospital.

But he does few anointings now. As time went on, and more PPE became available, many hospitals began to loosen restrictions. His special posting ended this summer, and he resumed his role teaching seminarians.

Still, older priests continue to call younger priests like him to anoint Covid-positive congregants, to protect priests more at-risk, he said.

This Christmas, he is back at a home parish in Rhode Island.

“It is a typical spiritual practice to look back and try to be grateful for what God has given you during that time,” he said. “Even if there are a lot of challenges, what are the things to be grateful for?”

He thought of his new friendships with the two other priests in his quarantine, how they prayed together and supported one another as they lived an almost monastic life with one intense purpose. He remembered the people he anointed hours before their deaths, and the gift of offering the sacrament to them.

This year for his Christmas homily, he hopes to track down a sermon that Saint Charles Borromeo preached the Christmas of 1576, the year a plague ravaged the city of Milan.

“The church has lived through pandemics before and had to figure out a better way to bring the sacrament to people,” he said. “Wherever people are who are suffering and dying, the Lord is with them.”

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